Granny Squares Step by Step!

September 27, 2012Allison Murray

Learn how to make granny squares step by step!

When I was still pretty small, my Mimmie taught me how to crochet. She was constantly knocking out afghan after afghan if she wasn’t quilting and I watched them constantly being made. Being a nosy kind of a kid I wanted to watch what she was doing up close and personal.

She wound up busting out a hook and some variegated yarn (it was red, blue and yellow) and showing me how to chain. I made chain after chain after chain and would wear and gift them as necklaces and bracelets. Later we moved onto single crochets, then double, then triple and finally she taught me how to granny square.

So I guess I have been into crochet off and on since I was about 7 or so. That’s a long, long time and a whole bunch of yarn.

I wanted to work on a project that used granny squares and I’ll be sharing that tomorrow, but today i thought I would show you the basics of making a granny square. Hopefully you have the basics, like making the loop, what a chain is and all of that down, because I jump right into it. If you don’t have this knowledge, youtube has tons and tons of crochet help videos.

Be warned, however… My grandmother taught me and she taught herself and some of the methods may not be text book, but they do work. We’ve tried to pick up the lingo from pattern books and whatnot but for the most part she just shows me how to do what I’ve asked and I mimic her. So, if you’re a seasoned and well trained crochet artist, please feel free to add any help in the comments!

Learn how to make granny squares step by step!

Chain in between 5 or 10 times (depending on how large or small you want the hole in the center of the square to be). I like a larger size so I always chain 10. Use a slip stitch in the first chain to turn the chain into a circle.

Learn how to make granny squares step by step!

After you’ve made your circle, chain three.

Learn how to make granny squares step by step!

Then make two double crochets by going through the inside of the hole.

Learn how to make granny squares step by step!

Chain three.

Learn how to make granny squares step by step!

Double crochet three times through the hole and then chain three.

Learn how to make granny squares step by step!

Again, double crochet three times and chain three.

Learn how to make granny squares step by step!

Use a slip stitch into the top your first chain of three to finish the round. (A round is each pass all the way around the granny square).

Learn how to make granny squares step by step!

To start the next round, chain three.

Learn how to make granny squares step by step!

Double crochet twice. Chain one.

Learn how to make granny squares step by step!

Double crochet three times. Chain three.

Learn how to make granny squares step by step!

Double crochet three times and continue the pattern. On the corners you will chain three. When going through a hole that is not on the corner, only chain one before starting your next set of three double crochets.

At any point you can include your tail with your yarn as it comes from the skein to weave it into the square so you have no loose end dangling and don’t have to worry about your knots coming apart.

Learn how to make granny squares step by step!

To change colors, use a slip stitch to finish your current round. Clip your yarn so that you have about two inches and make a slip stitch that will become a knot when you pull all of the way through. Weave what is left of the tail through the granny square using your hook to hide the unfinished end.

Start your loop on your crochet hook with your new color. Pull through one of the holes as shown and begin your round all over again.

Double crochet three. Chain one. Double crochet three. Chain three (for the corner). and so on and so forth.

Learn how to make granny squares step by step!

Continue the process using as many rounds and as many colors as you would like.

You can continue on one humongous granny square to make an afghan. Just continue round after round on the one square.

The most common application is to make a whole bunch of squares of the same size (same number of rounds) and attach them together, which I will be showing you tomorrow.

Also, I believe that it is technically correct to alternate the number in your chains for your corners at 3 and 4 but I can’t ever keep track of that so I just do 3 to save myself the stress!

If you learn better by video, I’d like to recommend the one below. I’ve scoured youtube in search of a crochet artist who doesn’t seem to like to hear herself speak! (or one that every other step references another video of theirs you need to watch to understand that particular step). This gal gets in there and shows you how to get it done, so check it out!

Comments (45)

  • Jessica @ SunnyStitching

    October 3, 2012 at 1:29 PM

    I SO needed this about three months ago…better late than never! I'm glad I stumbled upon your blog through your win at A Creative Being.

  • Allison Murray

    October 3, 2012 at 3:27 PM

    Thanks Jessica! Glad to see you here :)

  • Jill

    October 4, 2012 at 7:54 PM

    Hi! Stumbled upon your blog through a link from Tipnut. Really love your cushion cover made with granny squares, and have been trying to follow how to make a granny square above; I used to be able to crochet when I was at Uni (about 20 years ago!) but only recently picked up a crochet hook again and can't seem to get past chains! Practice, practice and more practice needed I think! Jill

  • Allison Murray

    October 4, 2012 at 9:35 PM

    When I haven't crocheted for a while my chains are totally random. I wind up chaining for a good long while until I get back into the habit and they start to look uniform again. I understand 100%! Best of luck with it, Jill!

  • Jennanana

    October 15, 2012 at 5:29 PM

    My project is focused around working with colleagues at my library and fellow crochet hookers to collect as many granny squares as I can. With these granny squares I'll be making scarves, and if I get enough I'll be making baby blankets as well, to donate to a battered women's shelter. I'll be posting about this project on my blog at this week so if you'd like more information about it or would like to add to the granny square collection, please check it out! Thank you!

  • Lauren

    December 27, 2012 at 3:29 AM

    thank you, this is the first time I really learn how to do it!!!

  • Allison Murray

    December 27, 2012 at 4:07 PM

    That is so awesome, Lauren. and I love, love, LOVE that you came back to tell me. Thanks much!

  • helen

    February 3, 2013 at 4:11 PM

    How do you make the circle for the granny square Thank you for the great directions but not sure how to start

  • Allison Murray

    February 3, 2013 at 4:14 PM

    Hi, Helen – see the second pic in the post (first of the diy)? That is how you will make the circle. Chain between 5-10 times. Insert your hook in the first chain (furthest from your hook) and make a slip stitch. This forms the circle.

  • helen

    February 3, 2013 at 7:31 PM

    Thank you Allison it just came to me and I was just ready to email you back Thanks Again

  • Allison Murray

    February 3, 2013 at 7:38 PM

    No problem. Have fun granny squarin' up the place :)

  • Julia

    March 18, 2013 at 6:31 PM

    this is beautiful! do you think you could do a tutorial on how to make slippers? :) i have always wanted to!

  • Allison Murray

    March 18, 2013 at 11:28 PM

    I could try to make a slipper pattern! Thanks for the inspiration. ;)

  • Deanna

    April 15, 2013 at 9:42 PM

    Hello, I stopped in to see your teaching method and it looked easy to me. I basically taught myself to crochet the granny square and thats all I really know. I can't read a pattern at all so really I can't make things that I'd like to so I'm going to learn:>)
    Do you happen to know how to crochet the "Jelly Rolls" of fabric with an extra large hook? I saw a craft to do that but then lost the instructions but bought the items needed so I don't know if you have to sew all the lengths of material together or tie into knots…(doesn't seem right) but anyway if you know great! Thanks so much!!! Deanna

  • Kirsty

    May 10, 2013 at 7:47 PM

    Fantastic blog/ site. I have never been able to knit / crochet until two days ago when I followed your instructions and photos. I have just finished my first granny square and feel so pleased with it! Thank you so much.

  • Allison Murray

    May 10, 2013 at 8:33 PM

    Thanks so much, Kirsty. I'm really glad that you've been bitten by the crochet bug and I'm even more glad that I was able to assist in that!

  • Jo

    June 21, 2013 at 11:01 PM

    Hello! I stumbled across this link through pinterest and now I totally understand how to make a granny square! They will be all over my house in no time. Also, I couldn't help looking through the rest of your blog and it is fabulous :) Really nice set up and I love the things you do… P.s. You're not the only one who waves at cars… Guilty :)
    Take Care x

  • Allison Murray

    June 22, 2013 at 1:49 PM

    Thanks so much foe your sweet compliment, Jo. I love knowing that you are going to granny your place up :)

  • brgitte

    September 8, 2013 at 7:48 AM

    Thanks for this lovely tutorial.

    1. Allison

      September 8, 2013 at 3:50 PM

      You’re very welcome. Thanks for taking the time to comment!

  • franca

    September 9, 2013 at 4:22 PM

    hello! My name is Franca, I’m writing from ‘Italy, near Venice ..
    admire beautiful congratulations for your work, I would like to ask you if you do not mind using wool for your work. I’m looking for the wool at a good price but has many shades of colors.
    I can not find anything, can you help me?
    thanks and excuse my writing, I know of the ‘English and I’m using google translator.
    thank you!

    1. Allison

      September 9, 2013 at 6:02 PM

      You know I have only ever crocheted with acrylic yarn because it’s so cheap and there are so many brands with so many colors that will work together really well. Would you be willing to use the cheaper acrylic yarn instead of wool?

      1. Franca

        September 11, 2013 at 3:53 PM

        hello, thank you for your answer … I would prefer a mixed wool, not only acrylic, ’cause I would like to do things that will be in contact with the skin and can only acriclico’ annoying.
        you can suggest me some good yarn company with so many colors that sells online?
        thank you, good evening

  • mastoore

    December 11, 2013 at 10:59 AM

    thanks dear Allison

  • Gayla

    December 16, 2013 at 8:59 AM

    Thank you and thank you! I’ve been crocheting for years and I’m just OK with it. I’ve made some nice blankets and a few other simple things, thats it. But I’ve always wanted to learn how to make granny squares. I’ve looked at numerous videos, online instructions and books and nobody really gave clear, good instructions. Until now! Love your technique and I’m happy to report that I can make very pretty granny squares-thanks to you-and I am well on my way to making a beautiful blanket!
    Thank you again and congratulations on such a great website.

  • Krista

    February 6, 2014 at 1:09 AM

    Hi! I decided to learn how to crochet… And stumbled on your blog! Fantastic directions! Maybe you can give me some advice. I think I’m following your directions, but my granny square has turned into a granny circle!! What in the world did I do wrong?

    1. Allison

      February 6, 2014 at 6:55 PM

      I just emailed you :)

  • mum

    June 3, 2014 at 10:28 PM

    I can’t find the video you referenced at the end of this tutorial. I’m a visual gal, and need to see it in action.

    1. Allison

      June 4, 2014 at 12:16 PM

      Hmm.. It went AWOL :) Here is a link to a good one:

  • Linni

    November 11, 2014 at 12:31 PM

    I have been having such a hard time with this! i have made 16 of this kind of granny square afgan, and i am having a mental block! ha ha. I thought i could use this and remember how to do it, but no such luck. I get the first part, the circle, and the first round, and then something is just amis and it isnt right… HELP lol

    1. Allison Murray

      November 12, 2014 at 6:39 PM

      Can you email me a pic of your square and I’ll see what I can tell about it? allison @

  • Erika

    December 14, 2014 at 1:56 PM

    Could you show a lefty?

    1. Allison Murray

      December 15, 2014 at 5:15 PM

      I’m so sorry I have no clue how to crochet lefty. But I hope you find a tutorial to help you :)

  • Sammyjo

    January 15, 2015 at 10:41 AM

    Total newbie here but so far your tutorial has been the best! Only things i’m stuck on; you use a 4.25 crochet (i assume thats best?) hook, whats the best size and wool type to use? Also my granny square are rather…. round lol, please help! :p

    1. Allison Murray

      January 15, 2015 at 11:04 AM

      Hey! First off you can really use any size hook you are comfortable with and that works with the yarn. That size is what I as taught with and what I have found a lot of beginners use. But seriously, check out other sizes and use what feels best in your hand.

      You can also use just about any yarn you’d like. For a beginner, I’d use a worsted weight acrylic yarn because it’s the easiest to use at first. This also tends to be a lot cheaper than most yarns, making it great to learn on! If you need 12 squares you can make 14 and pick out just the best.

      Lastly, most crochet needs to be blocked to actually be square BUT it could also be that your stitches are a bit too tight. Try working with a looser hand (so hard to get the hang of but you can do it!). If you need to block your squares, a tutorial is coming out tomorrow!

  • brandi covington

    October 16, 2015 at 9:36 PM

    I have been trying to get this, and now I have it. Thank You

  • Miranda

    December 1, 2015 at 8:06 PM

    I just came upon this and I have been struggling for so long trying to do the granny squares and couldn’t get it right. This was so great and your instructions with pics are awesome. Thank you so much for this now I can make my grandmother a granny squared blanket. My little boy loves mickey mouse….any suggestion on how to make a pillow? Thank you again sooooo much!

    1. Allison Murray

      December 2, 2015 at 8:11 AM

      Yay! I’m so excited :)

      As far as Mickey goes making crochet patterns like that is totally Greek to me. I’ve never done anything like that :) I’d probably just sew a square out of Mickey fabric and stuff it! :)

  • Mary Jo Worthington

    June 1, 2016 at 1:29 PM

    I have looked at several sites that were showing how to do granny squares, but none of them were able to give me the all of that except you site . The pictures were so clear and concise along with the instructions that I can now crochet a granny square. THANKS SO MUCH. You will be part of each and every granny square I make.I hope to make different designs in the future. Thanks Mary Jo

  • R.

    August 1, 2016 at 11:03 PM

    Thanks for sharing these super easy instructions. I am teaching a woman recovering at the hospital how to crochet and this is what she wants to learn most of all. Now I can teach her! Thanks :)

  • Monica

    February 20, 2017 at 5:38 PM

    FINALLY! Because of your easy to follow and clearly explained tutorial I have mastered the Granny Square!! #crochetgoals
    Thank you so much!!

  • Fire

    June 20, 2017 at 7:09 PM

    I always get confused on how many to chain where. These instructions are so clear and concise and easy to follow I won’t any more. Thanks so much!

  • KT

    July 23, 2017 at 4:55 PM

    So I learned like you did-watching and doing. I can’t read a pattern to save my life, and your instructions actually make sense. Thanks for the pics and the simple how to!

  • Kathryn

    March 8, 2018 at 3:13 PM

    I love Granny squares and this is a wonderful tutorial! I’ve made so many projects out of Granny squares and I think it is one of the techniques every crocheter needs to know. Thanks for shraring!

  • Helen M

    June 16, 2020 at 8:14 PM

    Thank you!!! I am trying to recreate a baby afghan of four granny squares connected, then finished with an edging that matches the center. Made it years ago and lost the pattern. This has been a tremendous help. Thank you for sharing!

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